(June 4-7, 1942)
The Battle of Midway was the turning point in World War II for the Allies in the Pacific Theater. Advances in code breaking enabled the United States to counter the Japanese ambush of the remaining American carrier fleet at Midway Atoll, a 2.4 square mile stretch of land roughly equidistant from North America and Asia. Intercepted code allowed the Pacific Fleet Commander, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, to prepare for the attack down to day-of-battle positions of the Japanese carriers under Japanese Fleet Commander Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku (American syntax: Isoroku Yamamoto). The morning of June 4, 1942, American scout planes sighted the Japanese fleet. American carrier-based air power caught the Japanese fleet refueling and rearming aircraft, making the ships vulnerable to dive-bombers. Four Japanese fleet carriers – the Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu – the entire strength of the task force, were sunk alongside the heavy cruiser Mikuma. The Battle of Midway was a decisive battle that enabled the United States to push toward recapturing the Pacific, island-hopping to Japan.
Battles - Midway